Published on 12/10/12 at 01:35:14 GMT by Redaksjonen
(Morsmal.org) There are no statistics on how many people have different mother tongue or first language, who come from other countries. This was the conclusion after the Storting representative, Morten Johansen Asked Ørsal an interpellation to the Minister of Children, Equality and Social Inclusion, Inga Marte Thorkildsen in a meeting yesterday in Parliament.
- How does the Minister envisage that such statistics are available so as to thereby seal any gaps? Asked Johansen.
- Composition of the population in Norway has changed significantly over the last 40 years. It lives in people from 216 countries and overseas territories of Norway and the lives of people as well as other ethnic backgrounds who have deep roots in Norwegian ground: Sami, Finns, Romani / Romanes etc.. We know much about the background of these individuals and groups, but it is still hard to find good statistics on the number of individuals who speak non-native or first language. It is not known how many individuals have Sami and other minority languages as their mother tongue or first language and you have no statistics on how many people have different mother tongue or first language, who come from other countries. How does the Minister envisage that such statistics are available so as to thereby seal any gaps? sounds interpellation of the Storting representative Ørsal Morten Johansen (Progress Party).
Johansen pointed to the existence of several national minorities in Norway as the first language that they are entitled to receive training in. He explained that it is necessary to have statistics on this so that municipalities could plan language training for those who have a mother tongue other than Norwegian and especially when it comes to Sami and national minorities of Norway (Sami, Kven, Forest Finns, Jews, Romani, Norwegian Romani, etc.).
Johansen said the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages adopted in 1992 and that Norway got notes the lack of statistics on the number of minority languages in Norway.
Inga Marte Thorkildsen Minister (SV) admitted that it was true that there are no statistics on the number of people who have a mother tongue other than Norwegian in Norway.
- It is true, as the representative Ørsal Johansen here points out, that there is no overview of how many individuals in Norway who have other mother tongue or first language. Immigrants in Norway come from all corners of the world and from at least 200 different countries. We have an overview of the immigrant population, but there is no overview of how many people speak the language. Surveys among immigrant populations where the question of linguistic skills, has so far focused on immigrants' skills Norwegian, said Minister Thorkildsen.
Inga Marte Thorkildsen Minister (SV) and Morten Johansen Ørsal (Progress Party), Photo: Parliament
Thorkildsen explained that one of the reasons why there is no specific number of those who have a different mother tongue is related to the terms "native" and "first language".
- Both native and first defined and used in different ways. It illustrates the dynamic and complex in having to identify languages in Norway. Native language is often defined on the basis of their parents' language. In some contexts it is defined as the language spoken in the child's home, either both parents or one parent, in communication with the child. A child can thus have two native speakers, said Thorkildsen.
Yet she managed to present some statistical figures from Statistics Norway (SSB)
- According to primary statistics, had 855 of the 600 000 pupils in primary schools in 2011 Sami as their mother tongue. - In 2011, 20 721 students in elementary special language training and / or bilingual education. 6471 of these students had native. - In the autumn of 2011 it was given language training and / or bilingual instruction in 92 languages. If we also include educational needs, the number of languages given instruction, 125ERROR
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